Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is a country in West Asia. Saudi Arabia borders it to the east and south, and Iraq borders it to the northeast. Syria borders Jordan to the north, and the Palestinian West Bank and Israel border it to the west. The Dead Sea also borders Jordan to the west, while the Gulf of Aqaba’s Red Sea borders it to the southwest and separates Jordan from Egypt.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Hashemite Kingdom of JordanAsiaWestern AsiaAmman11,337,0520.14%88,802Jordanian dinarJD

Amman is the capital of Jordan and sits in the country’s hilly northwestern region. Evidence of a human settlement in modern Amman dates back to the 8th millennium BC. The world’s oldest statues of the human form (dating back approximately 9,000 years) were found around 2 kilometers from the Amman Civil Airport.

The country has a semi-arid climate with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. Jordan’s wet season typically starts in November and lasts until March, with occasional snow in Amman and the mountainous western region.

Jordan sits at the crossroads of the continents of Asia, Africa, and Europe. The country’s eastern region has an arid plateau, while the western region is predominately arable highland. Most of the country’s population is located in Jordan’s northwest due to the regular rainfall and fertile soil.

The highest point in Jordan is Jabal Umm al Dami, which sits 1,854 meters (6,083 ft) above sea level. The country’s lowest point is the Dead Sea, which has an elevation of -420 meters (-1,378 ft) below sea level. This is also the lowest point in the world.

There is a parliamentary monarchy in Jordan with a prime minister who serves as head of government and a monarch who serves as head of state. The monarch appoints the government, executes or vetoes all laws, and has the power to suspend or dissolve parliament. They can also shorten or lengthen the term of the government’s session.

Jordan: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"Al-salam Al-malaki Al-urdoni"
("The Royal Anthem of Jordan") 00 N, 36 00 E1UTC +02:00UTC +03:00right$138,732,000,000$13,442$52,656,000,000$5,102