Iraq is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by the countries of TΓΌrkiye to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south, and Jordan and Syria to the west. It has a small coastline on the Persian Gulf in the south.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol

Iraq is home to thousands of historic sites, including the Erbil citadel. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, evidence suggests that it is more than 7,000 years old. In addition to archaeological sites, Iraq has many natural landmarks, such as the Bekhal Waterfall, the northwestern Zagros Mountains, and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert. The country’s two major rivers are the Tigris and Euphrates, which run through the country from north to south.

The capital of Iraq is Baghdad, the second-largest Arab city after Cairo. Two of the country’s other notable cities include Hillah and Mosul. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon β€” one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World β€” is believed to have been near the city of Hillah or the city of Mosul.

Iraq’s climate is largely continental and subtropical, with a Mediterranean climate in the northern mountain regions. Most of the country is warm and dry throughout the year. The northern mountains experience cold winters and occasional snowfall that can cause significant flooding.

Iraq is a federal parliamentary republic with a President who is the head of the state and a Prime Minister who is the head of the government. As well as the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, the government consists of multiple independent commissions.

Iraq: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)