Iran, officially called theΒ Islamic Republic of Iran and sometimes called Persia, is a country in West Asia. Iraq borders it to the west, Turkey to the northwest, and Pakistan to the southeast, along with Afghanistan to the east. Azerbaijan, Armenia, the Caspian Sea, and Turkmenistan border Iran to the north, the Gulf of Oman, and the Persian Gulf to the south.

Country Profile

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Mountains surround most of Iran creating a natural barrier with its western neighbors. Mount Damavand is the highest point in Iran, a dormant volcano reaching 5,609 meters (18,402 ft). To the east, Iran is covered in a large salt desert that separates the country from its eastern neighbors.

Tehran, located in the north of Iran, is the country’s capital. One of the most popular tourist attractions in the city is The National Jewelry Museum, where some of the monarch’s jewels are on display to the public. The Milad Tower, a 435 meter (1,427 ft) tall tower, is an iconic part of the city’s skyline and offers panoramic views of Tehran.

The official language of Iran is Persian, also known as Farsi, which is spoken by over half the population and used in education and official government communications. AzeriΒ andΒ Kurdish are the second and third most popular languages in Iran.

Iran has a mild, semi-arid climate, although the Caspian coast and the northern forests have a more subtropical climate. These regions are humid throughout the year, while the west experiences much colder temperatures and snow in the winter.

Iran: Stats and Facts

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