Map of India showing country flag

India is the seventh-largest country in the world by area, and the largest country in the world in terms of population, having overtaken China in 2023. Located in Southern Asia, it is bordered by the countries of China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north, Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east, and Pakistan to the west. The entire south of the country is bounded by the Indian Ocean.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of IndiaAsiaSouthern AsiaNew Delhi1,428,627,66317.76%2,973,193Indian rupee
Despite being three times smaller than China in terms of land area, India has a similar size population. New Delhi, India’s capital, is located in the National Capital Territory of Delhi. It is the most populous city in India and the largest by area. Formerly known as Bombay, Mumbai is India’s financial and commercial center. It is the home of Bollywood — India’s multi-billion dollar film industry — and its most famous monument is the iconic Gateway of India.
In addition to its densely populated urban areas, India’s landscape consists of the Himalayan Mountain Range — which contains Mount Everest, the world’s highest mountain — thousands of kilometers of coastline, sprawling deserts, tropical rainforests, and hundreds of rivers, including the sacred Ganges.
While India’s climate is diverse, most of the country experiences a tropical climate. The northern mountainous regions, however, experience year-round snow and can be extremely cold.
India is a constitutional republic with a parliamentary system. The head of the government, the Prime Minister, advises the President, who is the head of the state.

India: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
Hinduism"जन गण मन "("Jana Gana Mana")
("Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"),00020 00 N, 77 00 E1UTC +05:30Not observedleft$14,261,180,000,000$9,892$4,105,381,000,000$2,848