Hong Kong

The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China is a special administrative region and city in China. Hong Kong is approximately 1,700 km (1,056 miles) from mainland China.


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Hong Kong was formerly a British colony before it became a special administrative region of China in 1997. The region is governed separately and has separate economic and social systems from China. Hong Kong’s freedom is built on the ‘one country, two systems’ policy that forms the basis for the region’s relationship with China. However, China has the power to veto any changes to Hong Kong’s political system.

In 1513, the Portuguese explorer Jorge Álvares became the first European to visit Hong Kong. The Portuguese established a trading point in Hong Kong in the following years and other European nations followed suit. Britain’s primary trade commodity during the 19th century was opium and the nation sold large quantities of it to China.

Following China’sΒ Qing dynasty ban on the opium trade, the First Opium War broke out in 1839. Britain won and demanded Hong Kong (amongst other conditions) from China. Hong Kong and 235 islands were leased to Britain by China as part of another agreement in 1898 for 99 years.

There is a humid subtropical climate in Hong Kong, with tropical cyclones typically hitting the city between May and November. Winter is usually mild and dry, while summer can be hot and muggy, with rain common from May to September.

Much of Hong Kong is covered in steep hills and valleys. The region serves as a major port for South China and also serves as one of the world’s busiest container ports. The highest point in Hong Kong is Tai Mo Shan, a 957 meter (3,140 ft) high mountain.

Hong Kong: Stats and Facts

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