Cyprus, officially theΒ Republic of Cyprus, is geographically located in Western Asia, although it has more cultural ties to Southern Europe. The island nation lies in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, around 65 kilometers south of Turkey and 770 kilometers southeast of mainland Greece.

Country Profile

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The island is divided into two regions: the Turkish Cypriot government runs the northern third, while the Greek Cypriot government runs the southern two-thirds. Nicosia (otherwise known as Lefkoşa in Turkish) is the country’s capital. The official languages of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish. The country’s minority languages include Armenian and Cypriot Arabic.

Cyprus has a subtropical climate, with warm to hot summers and mild winters. Most of the annual rainfall occurs in the winter, and the summer is generally dry. The island suffers from a water shortage and relies on rainfall as household water. A combination of population growth (with increased demand) and frequent droughts has led to severe water shortages.

Snow occasionally falls at the higher elevations in the island’s central Troodos Mountains. The highest point in Cyprus is the 1,952 meters tall Mount Olympus, which is based in the Troodos range.

Some of Cyprus’s most famous landmarks and tourist attractions are thousands of years old. This includes Kato Paphos Archaeological Park in Paphos and the Tombs of the Kings in Chloraka (both UNESCO World Heritage sites).

Cyprus: Stats and Facts

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