Map of China and country flag

China (officially called the People’s Republic of China) is a country in Asia. It’s the third largest country in the world by area and the second most populous country (behind India). 

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The People's Republic of ChinaAsiaEastern AsiaBeijing1,425,671,35217.72%9,326,410Renminbi¥

China has 22 provinces and geographically spans five different time zones, although China only uses one time zone: China Standard Time. China also has land borders with 14 other countries, which is the most of any country (along with Russia).

One-third of China’s land features mountains, while other regions contain deserts or dense forests. The Yangtze River is the country’s longest river and the third longest in the world. China’s diverse landscape is home to some of the world’s most endangered species, including giant pandas, Asian elephants, and the Chinese alligator.

The country is one of several ‘cradles of civilization’ and is one of the world’s oldest continuous civilizations. There are over 4,000 years of recorded history in China. The Huang He (Yellow River) Valley is often considered the Chinese ‘Cradle of Civilization’ as villages began to form there around 5,000 BCE. The Yellow River is the second-longest river in China and the third-longest in Asia.

China has a highly varied climate. Southern regions have a subtropical climate with hot summers and warm winters, while the climate is temperate in the north. Most of China is subjected to the Asiatic monsoon, which creates dry weather in the winter months (October to April) and wet weather in the summer months (May to September).

China is a one-party socialist state which uses a communist ideology. It’s led by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The head of state is the president, who also serves as the CCP’s ceremonial figurehead.

China: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
Standard ChineseBuddhism
"Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ"
("March of the Volunteers"),50035 00 N, 105 00 E1UTC +08:00Not observedright$35,042,690,000,000$24,839$18,560,010,000,000$13,156