Cambodia, officially the Kingdom of Cambodia, is a country in Southeast Asia. The country borders Thailand to the northwest and Laos to the north. Vietnam borders Cambodia to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand borders it to the southwest.

Country Profile

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Phnom Penh, located at the junction between the Mekong and Tonlé Sap rivers in south-central Cambodia, is the country’s capital. Other major cities in the country include Battambang, Siem Reap, and Kâmpóng Cham.

The Central Plains dominate most of Cambodia. The plains are surrounded by low mountains, along with the Tonle Sap (Great Lake) and the upper section of the Mekong River. Phnom Aural, the highest point in Cambodia, has an elevation of 1,813 meters. The mountain is located in the eastern section of the Cardamom Mountains in southwest Cambodia.

Cambodia has a tropical climate that is dominated by monsoons. There are two distinct seasons in the country: wet and dry. The dry season lasts from October to April, while the wet season runs from May to September (with the heaviest rainfall in August and September).

The country has a constitutional monarchy with a monarch who serves as head of state. However, unlike most monarchies around the world, succession to the throne isn’t always hereditary. A new monarch is chosen by the Royal Council of the Throne, which includes the prime minister, the president of the senate, and several other officials. Cambodia’s prime minister serves as the head of government.

The official language of Cambodia is Khmer, which predates Mon (mainly spoken in Myanmar) and Vietnamese. Cambodians generally refer to their country as ‘Srok Khmer’ (Land of the Khmers) or the more formal ‘Prâtés Kâmpŭchéa’ (Country of Kampuchea).

Cambodia: Stats and Facts

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