Bhutan is a landlocked country in Southern Asia. It is surrounded by China to the north and India to the east, south, and west.Β 

Country Profile

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Located in the Eastern Himalayas, Bhutan is the most mountainous country in the world. Its terrain is almost entirely mountainous, and it is also heavily forested. At 8,180 meters (26,836 feet), Gangkhar Puensum is the highest point in Bhutan and the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. The country’s landscape also consists of valleys and rivers that dissect the mountains, as well as savannas in the south. Small villages can be found at the foot of the mountains.

Bhutan’s capital and largest city is Thimphu, situated in the western central part of the country.

In the lowlands, Bhutan’s climate is subtropical. As the altitude increases, temperatures drop, and the climate becomes first temperate and then polar. Bhutan has five distinct seasons: winter, spring, summer, monsoon, and fall. The south experiences hot summers and cool winters, and the central, eastern, and western regions experience warm summers and cool winters. The north, however, sees year-round snow. The summer monsoon, from June through late September, brings rainfall and clouds, with western Bhutan experiencing the heaviest downpours.

Bhutan is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. The Monarch is the head of the state, and the Prime Minister is the head of the government.

Bhutan: Stats and Facts

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