Azerbaijan is a country in Asia. Located in the region of Western Asia, it is bordered by Russia to the north, Iran to the south, and Armenia, Turkey, and Georgia to the east. To the east, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea — the largest lake in the world.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of AzerbaijanAsiaWestern AsiaBaku10,412,6520.13%82,629Azerbaijani manat

Azerbaijan’s capital and largest city is Baku. Nicknamed “The City of Winds”, Baku experiences fierce snow storms and strong winds all year round.

The country itself also has a nickname: “The Eternal Land of Fire”. This is due to its extensive oil and gas resources, which can cause specific spots on mountains and hillsides to burst into flames and burn for as long as the fuel supply lasts. 

Azerbaijan has three mountain ranges: the Talysh Mountains, the Greater Caucasus, and the Lesser Caucasus. Together, they cover almost half of the country’s landmass. In addition to mountains, Azerbaijan’s landscape includes a long coastline, valleys, plains, deserts, wetlands, lakes, rivers, and mud volcanoes. Almost half of the world’s mud volcanoes can be found in Azerbaijan.

The climate of Azerbaijan is varied, ranging from tundra in the mountains to subtropical in the eastern, southern, and central regions. While there are four distinct seasons, summer is longer along the coast, and autumn is unusually short.

Azerbaijan is a semi-presidential republic with a President who serves as the head of the state and a Prime Minister who serves as the head of the government.

Azerbaijan: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"Azərbaycan marşı"
("Azerbaijan's Anthem") (landlocked)40 30 N, 47 30 E1UTC +04:00Not observedright$201,481,000,000$19,370$80,983,000,000$7,786