Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a country in Southern Africa. The landlocked country borders South Africa to the south and Botswana to the southwest. Zambia borders Zimbabwe to the north, and Mozambique borders it to the east.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of ZimbabweAfricaEastern AfricaHarare16,665,4090.21%386,847Zimbabwean dollar$

The British South Africa Company colonized the area in the 1880s and named it Southern Rhodesia after Cecil Rhodes, who led the company. Southern Rhodesia became Rhodesia in 1965 and later Zimbabwe Rhodesia in 1979. The country gained independence from the British in 1980 and adopted the name ‘Zimbabwe’.

Harare (formally known as Salisbury) is the country’s capital and largest city. It was founded in 1890 and called Fort Salisbury after the British prime minister, Lord Salisbury. The city became the capital of the Central African Federation between 1953 and 1963. The city was renamed Harare on the second anniversary of Zimbabwe’s independence from Britain. Other major cities in the country include Bulawayo, Chitungwiza, and Mutare.

The country has a subtropical climate with a hot, arid southern region and a cooler central plateau. Zimbabwe’s wet season typically lasts from October to March. July is often the coldest month of the year, and November is the warmest.

Mount Nyangani is the highest point in Zimbabwe, with an elevation of 2,592 meters. The mountain is located in the Eastern Highlands mountain range. Victoria Falls, one of the world’s largest waterfalls, is located in the country’s northwest region on the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia.

The President of Zimbabwe serves as both the head of state and the head of government. However, Zimbabwe has suffered political instability and an economic crisis since the 1990s. The office of prime minister was abolished in 1987, reinstated in 2009, and abolished again in 2013. The Senate was also abolished in 1990 before being reintroduced in 2005.

Zimbabwe: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"Simudzai Mureza WeZimbabwe"
("O Lift High the Banner of Zimbabwe")
ZWZWE.zw+2630 (landlocked)20 00 S, 30 00 E1UTC +02:00Not observedleft$47,094,000,000$2,858$47,078,000,000$2,857