Zambia is a landlocked country in Eastern Africa. It is surrounded by the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north and east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.

Country Profile

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Zambia’s capital city is Lusaka in the south of the country. Most of the population lives near the city and also in the mineral-rich Copperbelt province in the north. Major cities in the Copperbelt province include Kitwe, Ndola, and Chingola.

The Congo River β€” Africa’s second-longest river β€” rises in the highlands of northeastern Zambia as the Chambeshi River. The Zambezi flows south, through the west of the country, and then heads east, forming the border with Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe. It falls almost 330 feet at Victoria Falls β€” one of the world’s largest waterfalls β€” before emptying into Lake Kariba. Lake Kariba, on the border with Zimbabwe, is one of the country’s largest lakes, along with Lake Bangweulu in the northwest and Lake Mweru and Lake Tanganyika on the northern borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania. The highest point in Zambia is Mafinga Central, a mountain in the east of the country.

The climate of Zambia is tropical, with a hot, rainy season from mid-November to March and a dry season from April to mid-November. Temperatures during the dry season are hot from September to mid-November and cooler from mid-May to mid-August.

Zambia is a presidential democratic republic, with a President who serves as both the head of the state and the head of the government. The country has been a multi-party democracy since 1990.

Zambia: Stats and Facts

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