Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone, officially theย Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. The country sits on the continent’s southwest coast and shares its southeastern border withย Liberia. Guinea borders Sierra Leone to the north.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmยฒ)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of Sierra LeoneAfricaWestern AfricaFreetown8,791,0920.11%71,620Sierra Leonean leoneLe

Freetown is the capital of Sierra Leone. The city was formally founded in 1792, although the area was first settled in 1787 by 400 freed slaves from England. Other major cities in Sierra Leone include Bo, Kenema, and Koidu.

Sierra Leone was colonized in 1787 by the British until 1961. Most of the colonial settlers were formerly enslaved people from England.

Mount Loma Masa (also known as Mount Bintimani) is the highest peak in the country, reaching 1,945 meters (6,381 ft). The longest river is the Rokel River, which begins in the Guinea highlands. It flows through Sierra Leone and then into the Atlantic Ocean.

Lowland plains with farmland, forests, and bush cover the center of the country. The northern region consists of theย Guinean forest-savanna, and the south is predominately forests and rain-forested plains.

The climate of Sierra Leone is tropical, with consistent hot and humid weather throughout the year. The wet season typically lasts from May until November. The dry season (from December to April) is usually paired with strong winds from the northeast.

There are 149 chiefdoms in Sierra Leone; the chiefs of each chiefdom are hereditary rulers. The president of the country serves as the head of state and head of government. A presidential term lasts five years and can be renewed once.

Sierra Leone: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free 30 N, 11 30 W1UTC ยฑ00:00Not observedright$19,048,000,000$2,201$3,605,000,000$417