Niger, officially the Republic of the Niger, is a country in West Africa. The landlocked country is bordered by Libya to the northeast and Chad to the east. Nigeria borders it to the south, and Benin and Burkina Faso border it to the southwest. Mali borders Niger to the west, and Algeria borders it to the northwest. Niger covers an area of nearly 1,270,000 km² ), earning it the title of the largest landlocked country in West Africa.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of NigerAfricaWestern AfricaNiamey27,202,8430.34%1,266,700West African CFA francFr

Niamey, which lies on the Niger River, is the country’s capital. The city likely originated as a group of villages in the 18th century. Other major cities in Niger include Maradi, Zinder and Agadez. Most of the country lies within the Sahara desert.

The country has a hot desert climate with high temperatures throughout the year. The edges of the Niger River basin in the south have a tropical climate with warm, moist weather. Niger has a short rainy period which typically falls between December and February.

Northern Niger is covered in deserts and semi-deserts. The country’s southern region is largely covered in savannahs and the W National Park (one of West Africa’s major national parks). Mont Idoukal-n-Taghes (also called Mont Bagzane) is the highest mountain in the country. The mountain, located in the Aïr Mountains of north Niger, has an elevation of 2,022 meters.

Niger is a democratic republic with a president who serves as head of state and a prime minister who serves as head of government. The government has executive power and shares legislative power with the National Assembly.

Niger: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"L'Honneur de la Patrie"
("The Honour of the Fatherland") (landlocked)16 00 N, 8 00 E1UTC +01:00Not observedright$48,574,000,000$1,730$19,536,000,000$696