Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique, is a country in East Africa. It’s bordered by the Indian Ocean in the east, Tanzania to the north, and Zimbabwe to the west. Eswatini and South Africa border Mozambique to the southwest and Malawi and Zambia to the northwest.

Country Profile

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Mozambique has a subtropical and tropical climate, with hot, dry weather between October and March and a mild, dry season from April to September. Temperatures are generally warmer near the coastal and southern lowland regions than in the higher inland regions.

Maputo, located in the southern end of Mozambique, is the country’s capital. The port city was called Lourenço Marques until 1976. This followed the country’s independence from Portugal in 1975; Mozambique had been a Portuguese colony since the 16th century.

The country has mountains in the north and west, transitioning to low grassland plateaus towards the coastal regions. Most of Mozambique’s population lives along the coast and river valleys. The Zambezi River, which has a total length of  2,574 kilometers (1,600 miles), is the longest river to flow through Mozambique.

Mozambique is a democratic republic with a president who serves as both the head of state and head of government. The government has both executive and legislative power (the latter of which is shared with the Assembly of the Republic).

Mozambique: Stats and Facts

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