Mauritius, officially the Republic of Mauritius, is an island country located in the Indian Ocean, approximately 2,000 kilometers (1,100 nautical miles) from East Africa’s southeastern coast. The Republic of Mauritius consists of five islands: Mauritius (the largest island), Rodrigues, the two Agalega Islands, and the Cargados-Carajos Archipelago.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmยฒ)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of MauritiusAfricaEastern AfricaPort Louis1,300,5570.02%2,030Mauritian rupeeRe or Rs (pl.)

The Dutch had a settlement in Mauritius from 1638 until 1710. The country was named after Prince Maurice of Orange (of the Dutch Republic). From 1715 until 1810, Mauritius was a French colony and was renamedย Isle de France. The country was surrendered to Great Britain in 1810 during the Napoleonic Wars and remained a British colony until 1968. The country was renamed Mauritius under British rule.

The islands in Mauritius were formed by volcanic activity. A volcanic hotspot now lies under neighboring Rรฉunion Island, a French department. Mauritius, Rรฉunion Island, and Rodrigues form the Mascarene Islands archipelago.

Port Louis is the capital of Mauritius and is located in the Port Louis District on the island of Mauritius. Other major towns and cities in the country include Vacoas, Beau Bassin-Rose Hill, and Curepipe.

Along with its beautiful white beaches, Mauritius is also famous for its endemic wildlife. One of the country’s most famous animals is the dodo, an extinct flightless bird. Other endemic species include the Mauritius flying fox and Rodrigues flying fox.

Piton de la Petite Riviรจre Noire is the highest point in Mauritius. The mountain stands 828 meters above sea level. The Grand River South East, which has a total length of 28 kilometers, is the longest river in the country.

Mauritius has a tropical climate with hot, humid summers and warm winters. January and February are typically the wettest months of the year, while September and October are usually the driest.

Mauritius: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
English Mauritian Creole (also known as 'Morisien') 17 S, 57 33 E1UTC +04:00Not observedleft$39,288,000,000$31,158$16,106,000,000$12,773