Malawi, officially the Republic of Malawi, is a country in Southeastern Africa. The landlocked country is bordered by Zambia to the west and Tanzania to the north and northeast. Mozambique borders Malawi to the east, south, and southwest.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of MalawiAfricaEastern AfricaLilongwe20,931,7510.26%94,080Malawian kwachaK

Lilongwe, located on the Lilongwe River in the center of the country, is Malawi’s capital. The city is near the borders with neighboring Mozambique and Zambia. Other major cities in the country include Blantyre, Mzuzu, and Zomba.

The country was previously called Nyasaland, which is a combination of ‘nyasa’ meaning ‘lake’ in the Lomwe language and the English word ‘land’. Great Britain established the Nyasaland and District Protectorate in 1891. The country was renamed Malawi following its independence from Great Britain in 1964.

Malawi has a subtropical climate with high temperatures in the southern low-lying areas and temperature weather in the northern highlands. The country’s hot, wet season typically lasts from November until April, and the cool, dry season begins in May and lasts until October.

There are four main regions in Malawi: the central plateau, the Great Rift Valley, the northern highland region, and the southern mountain region. The highest point in Malawi is Mount Mulanje, which has an elevation of 3,002 meters (9,849 ft). The largest river in the country is the Shire River, which has a total length of 402 kilometers (250 miles). The river is the only outlet of Lake Malawi, one of the African Great Lakes.

Malawi is a democratic republic with a president who serves as head of state and head of government. The president also appoints the cabinet of Malawi, which includes the vice president and the various ministers and deputy ministers of the different departments.

Malawi: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵi"
("God Bless Malawi") (landlocked)13 30 S, 34 00 E1UTC +02:00Not observedleft$40,040,000,000$1,712$11,035,000,000$472