Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, located off the southeastern coast of Africa. Mozambique is the closest country on Africaโ€™s mainland, which lies west of the island. Somalia is to the north, the smaller islands of Rรฉunion and Mauritius are to the east, and to the far south is the continent of Antarctica. Madagascar is the fourth-largest island in the world after Greenland, New Guinea, and Borneo, and the second-largest island country after Greenland.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmยฒ)CurrencyCurrency Symbol

The capital of Madagascar is Antananarivo. It is the countryโ€™s most populous city and the largest by area. At 1,280 meters (4,199 feet), it is the highest-altitude capital city among the island countries. Antananarivo is situated in the middle of the island โ€” an area covered in hills and mountains.ย 

Madagascar has a subtropical to tropical maritime climate. It has a hot, rainy season, which runs from November through April, and a cooler, dry season, which runs from May through October. The wettest part of the island is the east coast. The middle is drier and cooler, and the west is even drier. The southwest and southern interior experience a semi-arid climate. The islandโ€™s location in the southwestern Indian Ocean basin means it is prone to natural disasters like cyclones, floods, and droughts.

Madagascar is a semi-presidential republic with a President and a Prime Minister. The President is democratically elected as the head of the state, and the Prime Minister โ€”ย appointed by the President โ€” is the head of the government.

Madagascar: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)