Libya is a country in Northern Africa. It is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt and Sudan to the east, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.

Country Profile

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The capital and largest city is Tripoli. Situated on the northwest coast, Tripoli is a port city home to one of the oldest ports in the Mediterranean.

Libya has the longest coastline of all the African countries that border the Mediterranean. The portion of the Mediterranean Sea to the north of Libya is sometimes referred to as the Libyan Sea. The countryโ€™s landscape consists of dry woodlands and steppe, but it is mostly desert. The Sahara Desert โ€” the largest dry desert in the world โ€” covers almost all of the country, and it is so dry that there are no permanent rivers. Several small oases are scattered throughout Libya, the most important of which are Kufra in the southeast and Ghadames in the northwest.

A hot, dry wind blows in the spring and autumn for between one and four days. The country also experiences dust storms and sandstorms. The north of the country, however, experiences a milder Mediterranean climate.ย 

From 1969 to 2011, Libya was under a military dictatorship. In 2014, the country was split between two warring administrations: one in the east and one in the west, where Tripoli is. A ceasefire was signed in 2020, but political rivalry continues. A Government of National Unity was formed in Tripoli in 2021, but the eastern-based parliament formed a Government of National Stability to rival it the following year.

Libya: Stats and Facts

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