Liberia is a country in Western Africa. It shares land borders with Guinea to the north, Côte d’Ivoire to the east, and Sierra Leone to the northwest. The country is bounded by the North Atlantic Ocean to the south and southwest. 

Country Profile

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The capital and largest city of Liberia is Monrovia. A port city, it is vital to the country’s economy, which relies largely on exports like rubber, diamond, gold, coffee, and cocoa.

Liberia’s landscape consists of grassy savannas, mountain ranges, rivers, and forests. Much of the interior region is covered by rainforests, which provide habitats to endangered species like forest elephants, western chimpanzees, and pygmy hippos.

Mountains with peaks higher than 5,500 feet can be found in the north of the country, near the border with Guinea. The highest mountain that lies entirely in Liberia is Mount Wuteve, which rises 1,303 meters (4,724 feet) above sea level. Mount Nimba is higher, but it also lies partially in the countries of Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire. Several major rivers flow through Liberia. However, the only one of commercial importance is the Farmington River. Unlike the country’s other major rivers, it is navigable for 16 kilometers  miles (10 miles)) and is used to transport rubber from Harbel to Monrovia.

Liberia’s climate is tropical, with hot and humid weather throughout the year. It has a rainy season and a dry season. The dry season runs from December through February, and the rainy season lasts from May through October, with a break between mid-July and August. Between November and March, a dry, dusty wind called the Harmattan blows across the country from the Sahara. The coast sees the most rainfall, especially in the north, where the capital city is.

Liberia is a multiparty republic modeled on the United States system of government. Like the US, it has a President who is the head of the state and the head of the government. However, unlike the US, it is a unitary state rather than a federation, and it has a multiparty system instead of a two-party system.

Liberia: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)