Ghana

Map of Ghana and country flag

Ghana is a country in Western Africa. It shares land borders with Burkina Faso to the west and north, Togo to the east, and Côte D’Ivoire to the west. The country is bounded by the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean to the south.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of GhanaAfricaWestern AfricaAccra34,121,9850.42%227,533Ghanaian cedi

Ghana’s capital city, Accra, is located on the southern coast. 145 kilometers west of Accra is Cape Coast Castle, one of Ghana’s most famous landmarks. The castle is one of about 40 commercial forts in Ghana that were once ‘slave castles’. Inside is a museum containing exhibits on the slave trade and pre-colonial local history. Some of Ghana’s other large cities include Kumasi, Tamale, and Sekondi-Takoradi.

The landscape in Ghana is picturesque, ranging from miles of sandy beaches to coastal savannas to lush rainforests. Ghana’s main waterway is the White Volta River. It flows from Burkina Faso and is joined by its tributaries, the Black Volta and Red Volta, in Ghana before emptying into Lake Volta and the Gulf of Guinea. Lake Volta is the fourth-largest reservoir in the world by surface area.

The country has a tropical climate, with a dry and rainy seasons. The south of Ghana receives the most rainfall, especially along the western coastline, while the driest part of the country is the north.

Ghana is a unitary constitutional democracy. It is led by the President, who is both the head of the state and the head of the government.

Ghana: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
EnglishChristianity
God Bless Our Homeland Ghana
GHGHA.gh+2335398 00 N, 2 00 W1UTC ±00:00Not observedright$238,596,000,000$7,071$75,647,000,000$2,242