The Gambia

The Gambia is the smallest country in mainland Africa. It is located in Western Africa, surrounded by Senegal to the north, east, and south, with the North Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Country Profile

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The country’s capital city is Banjul, located on St. Mary’s Island at the mouth of the Gambia River.

The Gambia River rises in the Republic of Guinea before flowing into Senegal. It then enters The Gambia before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean. It is one of Africa’s most navigable rivers and is the only river in Western Africa that ocean-going ships can access easily.

While much of the Gambia’s relatively small landmass is dominated by the waterways of the Gambia River and its tributaries, the landscape also consists of woodlands, savannas, and palm-lined beaches. The country has no mountains, with the terrain rising no more than 173 feet above sea level.

The climate of the Gambia is tropical, with year-round sunshine and high temperatures. The country has two distinct seasons: rainy and dry. The rainy season is short, lasting from June until September, while the dry season runs from October through May.

The Gambia is a presidential republic. It has a President who serves as both the head of the state and the head of the government. The President leads the executive branch of the government, and they are also the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. There is no limit to the number of terms the President can serve.

The Gambia: Stats and Facts

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