Gabon is a coastal country in Central Africa. The Atlantic Ocean lies to the west of Gabon, with the neighboring countries of Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon to the north and the Republic of the Congo to the east and south.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmยฒ)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Gabonese RepublicAfricaMiddle AfricaLibreville2,436,5660.03%257,667Central African CFA francFr

Gabonโ€™s capital and largest city is Libreville. Libreville is a port city on the west coast near the Gulf of Guinea, with a thriving shipbuilding industry. It is also where raw materials like cocoa, rubber, and wood are exported.

The landscape of Gabon consists of coastal plains in the west, savanna in the east, and the Cristal Mountains and Chaillu Mountains in the center. The countryโ€™s longest river is the Ogoouรฉ River. It stretches from near Boumango in the country’s southeast to the west coast, where it empties into the Gulf of Guinea near Ozouri. The highest point in Gabon is Mount Bengouรฉ (1,070 meters), which is in the north-east of the country.

Located on the equator, Gabonโ€™s climate is hot and humid, with a dry season and a wet season. The dry season runs from June through September, and the wet season runs between October and May. The amount of rainfall varies depending on the region, but temperatures remain relatively consistent.

Gabon is a republic with a presidential system of government. The President is the head of the state. They are elected by the public for a seven-year term. The President nominates the Prime Minister, but they are also able to dismiss them, other members of the cabinet, and judges from the independent Supreme Court. They also have the power to dissolve the National Assembly, hold referendums, and delay legislation.

Gabon: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"La Concorde"
("The Concorde") 00 S, 11 45 E1UTC +01:00Not observedright$43,967,000,000$19,866$19,851,000,000$8,969