Eswatini is a country in Southern Africa. A landlocked country, it is surrounded by Mozambique to the east and South Africa to the south, west, and north.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
Kingdom of EswatiniAfricaSouthern Africa
Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane (administrative)
1,210,8220.02%17,363Swazi lilangeniL or E (pl.)

The country has two capitals: Mbabane and Lobamba. Mbabane is the executive capital, and Lobamba is the legislative capital.

Despite being one of Africa’s smallest countries, Eswatini’s landscape is diverse, consisting of rivers, waterfalls, hills, mountains, gorges, valleys, bushland, and savanna. Geographically, the country can be divided into four regions: the Highveld, the Middleveld, the Lowveld, and the Lubombo (Lebombo) escarpment. The Highveld is the most mountainous region. The Middleveld has an average altitude with rolling hills, and the Lowveld is a gently undulating savanna. The Lubombo escarpment is a narrow strip of mountains that rises abruptly from the Lowveld region.

Eswatini’s climate is also varied, changing mainly with the altitude. It ranges from cool and wet in the mountains to hot and dry in the lowlands. The country has two distinct seasons: rainy and dry. The rainy season runs from mid-October through mid-April, with more rainfall at higher altitudes. The dry season runs from mid-April through mid-October, with temperatures reaching up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit in the lowlands.

Eswatini is an absolute monarchy. With the help of an advisory council, the monarch β€” who is the head of the state β€” appoints a Prime Minister. Traditionally, the king would reign as the administrative head of state together with his mother as the spiritual and national head of state. However, the mother’s role has become more symbolic.

Eswatini: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati"
("O Lord our God of the Swazi") (landlocked)26 30 S, 31 30 E1UTC +02:00Not observedleft$14,572,000,000$12,392$4,937,000,000$4,198