Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in East Africa. It’s located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered by Somalia to the south and Ethiopia to the southwest. Eritrea borders Djibouti in the north. The Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden border it to the east.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of DjiboutiAfricaEastern AfricaDjibouti1,136,4550.01%23,180Djiboutian francFr

Djibouti became part of the French Somaliland colony in 1883 before it was renamed the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas in 1967. The country’s citizens renamed the country after its capital, Djibouti City, a port city that has become an important base for commercial traffic thanks to its strategic position.

The country’s climate is mainly arid in the northeastern coastal region and semi-arid in the remaining central, northern, western, and southern areas. The inner regions are significantly less humid than the coastal zones. Most of the country’s climate live in the northern region, particularly in the Day Forest National Park. 

Mousa Ali is the highest peak in Djibouti, with an elevation of 2,021 meters (6,631 ft). The stratovolcano is located on the tripoint between Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. There are no major rivers in the country; Lake Assal and Lake Abbe are the two major inland bodies of water.

Djibouti is a republic with a president who serves as head of state and head of government. The president heads the government and appoints the prime minister and the Council of Ministers.

Djibouti: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
French 30 N, 43 00 E1UTC +03:00Not observedright$7,796,000,000$7,475$4,200,000,000$4,026