Chad is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is surrounded by the countries of Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, and Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger to the west.

Country Profile

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Nโ€™Djamena is the countryโ€™s capital and largest city. Nโ€™Djamena is located 660 miles from the nearest seaport, which โ€” combined with Chadโ€™s desert climate โ€” is why the country is nicknamed the โ€œDead Heart of Africaโ€.

The Sahara Desert โ€” the largest hot desert in the world โ€” covers the entire north of the country, while the south is dominated by the Sudanian Savanna. The central region consists of the Sahelian belt, a transition zone between the desert and savanna landscapes. Chadโ€™s highest point and the highest mountain in the Sahara Desert is Emi Koussi, a dormant volcano that forms part of the Tibesti mountain range. Chadโ€™s largest lake is Lake Chad, which separates the country from Nigeria to the west. Lake Chad is also the second-largest wetland in Africa.

Chad has a varied climate, ranging from desert in the north to semi-desert in the center to tropical in the south. It has a wet season in the south, which runs from May through October, and a wet season in the center, which runs from June through September.

Chad is a Presidential Republic with a President who is both the head of the state and the head of the government. The President, who is directly elected by popular vote, appoints a Prime Minister and other members of the cabinet.

Chad: Stats and Facts

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