Burundi (officially the Republic of Burundi) is a country in East Africa. The landlocked country is located in the Great Rift Valley, which sits at the junction of the African Great Lakes region and East Africa. 

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol

Rwanada borders the country to the north and Tanzania to the east and southeast. The Democratic Republic of the Congo borders Burundi to the west, and  Lake Tanganyika lies along the country’s southwest border.

Gitega is the political capital of Burundi, and Bujumbura is the country’s economic capital. Other major cities in Burundi include Muyinga, Ngozi, and Ruyigi.

Burundi became part of the German colony of German East Africa in 1885. Following the First World War, Burundi and Rwanda combined to become a Belgian territory called Rwanda-Urundi. After the Second World War, it became a United Nations Trust Territory until Burundi gained independence in 1962.

The climate in Burundi is moderately tropical, with warm or hot weather throughout the year. Temperatures are highest in the west. Burundi’s dry season lasts from May to August, with a slightly shorter dry spell in January and February. The wet season typically lasts from February to May and from September to November.

Mount Heha, located in the Bujumbura Rural province, is the highest point in Burundi. The mountain has an elevation of 2,760 meters (9,055 ft). Most of Burundi is mountainous, although the east is largely covered by a plateau. The country has two national parks: Kibira National Park in the northwest and Ruvubu National Park to the northeast.

Kirundi, English, and French are the official languages of Burundi.

Burundi: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)