Benin is a country in Western Africa. It is surrounded by the countries of Burkina Faso and Niger to the north, Nigeria to the east, and Togo to the west. It is bounded by the Gulf of Guinea to the south.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmยฒ)CurrencyCurrency Symbol

The majority of Beninโ€™s population lives along its southern coastline, where the countryโ€™s most populous city, Cotonou, is located. The capital, Porto-Novo, also lies near the south coast.

Beninโ€™s landscape is largely flat, consisting of coastal plains, marshes, fields, lakes, lagoons, forests, savannas, and grasslands. However, it also has valleys and mountains โ€” most notably the Atakora Mountains in the northwest of the country, near the borders with Togo and Burkina Faso. Mont Sokbaro, which belongs to the Atakora mountain range, is the countryโ€™s highest point, at 658 meters. Beninโ€™s longest river, the Ouรฉmรฉ, rises in the Atakoras.

The climate of Benin is tropical, with a dry season and a rainy season. In the north of the country, the rainy season runs from May through September, while in the south, it runs from mid-March through October, with a pause along the coast in August. From December through March, dry wind from the Sahara Desert blows, covering the country in a fine layer of dust and turning the sky hazy.

Benin is a multiparty republic with a President who serves as both the head of the state and the head of the government. A Prime Minister may assist the President, but the Constitution of Benin does not require this position to be filled.

Benin: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)