Republic of the Congo

The Republic of the Congo is a country on the west coast of Central Africa. The country is bordered by Gabon to the west and Cameroon to the northwest. The Central African Republic borders it to the northeast, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo borders it to the southeast. The country’s southwest coast borders the Atlantic Ocean.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of the CongoAfricaMiddle AfricaBrazzaville6,106,8690.08%341,500Central African CFA francFr

Brazzaville, a city north of the Congo River, is the capital of the Republic of Congo. The city sits opposite Kinshasa, the capital city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Other major cities in the country include Pointe-Noire, Dolisie, and Nkayi.

The area north of the Congo River was a French colony from 1880 until 1960. It was first known as French Congo before being called Middle Congo in 1903. France formed the French Equatorial Africa (AEF) from Middle Congo, Gabon, Chad, and Oubangui-Chari in 1908. The AEF dissolved in 1958, and Middle Congo became known as the Republic of Congo.

The Republic of Congo has an equatorial tropical climate with hot, humid weather throughout the year. The climate is largely influenced by the country’s proximity to the equator and the Congo River basin. The wet season typically lasts from March to June.

There are large coastal plains, mountainous regions, plateaus, and fertile valleys throughout the Republic of Congo. Mont Nabemba is the highest point in the country, with an elevation of 1,020 meters (3,346 feet). The Congo River, which the country is named after, is the longest river in the country. The river has a total length of 4,700 kilometers (2,900 miles).

The Republic of Congo is a semi-presidential republic with a president who serves as head of state and a prime minister who serves as head of government.

Republic of the Congo: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
FrenchChristianity
"La Congolaise"
("The Congolese")
CGCOG.cg+2421691 00 S, 15 00 E1UTC +01:00Not observedright$29,895,000,000$5,785$15,421,000,000$2,984